4 types of hackers you probably didn’t know existed

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A security hacker is someone who researches methods to break through defenses and exploit vulnerabilities in a computer system or network.

In layman’s terms, hackers are known as the bad guys of the internet, but it’s far more than that and there are many types of hackers that you’ve probably never heard of before.

The most common attacks on the Internet include malware, phishing, man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks, denial-of-service (DOS) attacks, SQL injections, zero-day exploits, password attacks, and cross-site -Scripting . And all of these types of attacks have given hacking a bad name.

Corresponding Kaspersky, MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) became one of the first homes for hacking in 1969. They started changing software and hardware to make them work better and faster. One of the earliest and biggest cyberattacks was one when Kevin Poulsen, an American editor (then known in cyberspace as Dark Dante), was arrested for breaking into Arpanet in 1983.

Hacking is complex. Although many people associate it with crime, the same methods hackers use to break into a system can be used to prevent a cyber attack. This type of hacking is called ethical hacking.

Here are four types of hackers you probably didn’t know existed:

Black hat hackers maliciously break into a computer network. They can release malware that destroys files, holds computers hostage, or steals passwords, credit card numbers, and other personal information. These are the types of hackers everyone should watch out for.

Black hat hackers are motivated for many reasons: financial gain, revenge, or just to spread chaos.

Kaspersky says black hat hackers can operate as a company, which is the easiest way to spread malware at scale. They could act as a call center to make outbound calls and pretend to work for large organizations like Microsoft.

White hackers are what you would call “good hackers.” They break into a computer network or system to identify bugs and vulnerabilities so they can be fixed. This type of hacking is called ethical hacking.

Large organizations could hire these types of hackers to ensure their websites face fewer problems.

Her skills include social engineering, penetration testing, reconnaissance and research, programming, and using a variety of digital and physical tools.

Gray hat hackers fall somewhere between black hat and white hat hackers. They can sometimes violate laws or ethical standards, such as B. Breaking into a computer system without the owner’s consent or permission.

Kaspersky says gray hat hackers often mean no harm, but are mostly curious about hacking high-profile systems, regardless of numerous laws or potential risks to their decisions.

One of the most popular examples of gray hat hacking mentioned by Kaspersky is when Khalil Shreateh, an unemployed computer security researcher, hacked Mark Zuckerberg’s Facebook page. He wanted to fix a security bug he discovered that allowed him to post on anyone’s page without their consent. Apparently he had notified Facebook of the error, but was told there was actually no error. He wanted to prove he was right.

A script kiddie is an inexperienced cyber criminal who uses existing scripts, software or programs developed by others to launch cyber attacks. They don’t know how to script themselves and they don’t even know how the tools they use work, they just want to impress or wreak havoc.

Script kiddies are more dangerous than any hacker out there because they don’t know what they’re doing.

By Zintle Nkohla

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