Everything you need to know about ethical hacking

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We live in a digital age where digital assets are important, but their security is also important to protect them from threats, attacks and misuse.

This is where the crucial role of ethical hacking comes in, which helps to protect our data, documents and other important documents from malicious attacks and hacking tricks. The main use of ethical hacking is to protect data from attacks and to expose vulnerabilities from an attacker’s perspective so vulnerabilities can be remedied. Several large and small organizations employ ethical hackers to implement a secure network that prevents security breaches.

Ethical hacking protects your systems/computers from blackmail by people who want to exploit the vulnerability. Ethical hacking is beneficial as it helps protect networks with real reviews. It is gaining popularity day by day as it ensures the safety of clients’ and investors’ data/products. Ethical hacking protects your systems/computers from blackmail by people who want to exploit the vulnerability.

Ethical hacking is used in many important sectors; Even many governments use state-sponsored hacking to prevent intelligence information about an enemy state, influence politics, etc. So we can say that ethical hacking can ensure the security of the nation by protecting it from terrorist attacks and cyberterrorism. Hence, there are many ethical hacking job roles for which several candidates are seeking CEH online courses that can help them launch their careers in this field.

Here we will discuss ethical hacking issues necessary to understand them.

What is ethical hacking?

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Ethical hacking is known as the process of identifying vulnerabilities in an application, system, or an organization’s infrastructure that an attacker can exploit. It can also detect potential data breaches and threats on a network. But it is an authorized practice with legal permission from system or network owners as they allow cybersecurity engineers to conduct such activities to check system’s defenses. So, unlike ordinary/malicious hacking, ethical hacking is a well-planned, authorized, and legal process that can defend important information or assets.

It is also known as penetration testing, an act of infiltrating/breaking into networks or systems to find threats. It is about trying to infiltrate the system and documenting the steps involved.

Techniques used by ethical hackers

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A system can be hacked at almost every component, hence these ethical hacking activities require deep knowledge of that component and issues. Ethical hackers need to know how to think like hackers and how to use common ethical hacking tools and techniques. Here are some of the techniques used by ethical hackers:

  • Web Application Hacking – When a web application is exploited using HTTP, this is called web application hacking, which is done either by manipulating the application through a web graphical interface or by manipulating the HTTP or URI elements that are not involved in the USI . So, it is the process of exploiting software over HTTP by exploiting the software’s Chrome visual browser, cooperating with HTTP aspects (not stored in the URI), and meddling with the URI.

  • Social Engineering – Ethical hackers use this process to manipulate the end users and get information about the computer systems or organizations. So it’s the art of manipulating the masses into revealing sensitive information. It helps protect the network and helps detect, prevent and mitigate against milicious attacks.

  • System Hacking – System hacking allows ethical hackers to gain access to personal computers over a network. Privilege escalation, password busting, packet sniffing, and malicious software creation are the defense processes that security professionals can employ to counter and combat these threats.

  • Web Server Hacking – A database server of an application software generates web information in real-time, allowing hackers to obtain passcodes, credentials, company information, etc. Hence, in this hacking process, ethical hackers gain unauthorized control over a web server to identify and test software vulnerabilities.

Types of ethical hackers

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An ethical hacker, known as a white hat hacker, is a professional who performs ethical hacking tasks with the permission of the system owner. They simply hack the target system before a malicious attacker can. They apply a security patch to the system, effectively eliminating an opening for the attacker to enter the system or perform a hack. They solve technical security problems by using a computer, network and other skills to gain access to a system/network to break the law.

Types of Ethical Hackers – There are mainly three different types of ethical hackers which are mentioned below.

  • White Hat Hackers – Ethical hackers are actually white hat hackers who are the right people to come to our rescue. They never aim to harm a system, steal confidential information, or interfere with system operation. They always try to look for vulnerabilities in a computer or network system as part of legal hacking and vulnerability assessments. White hat hackers are cybersecurity professionals who help governments and businesses conduct penetration testing and vulnerability detection.

  • Black Hat Hackers – In today’s world of threats, these black hat hackers are the main perpetrators of cybercrime. Their main agenda is money, so they look for bugs in companies, banking systems and individual computers. These hackers are illegal and can gain access to your personal, financial and business information by exploiting any loopholes they find. Also known as crackers, they can damage any system and its operation or steal information.

  • Gray Hat Hackers – These hackers are a mix of white hat and black hat hackers. They don’t use their abilities for personal gain, but they can have both good and bad intentions. They can operate without malicious intent, exploiting a security vulnerability in a network or computer system without the permission or knowledge of the owner.

In today’s digital world, there is a great demand for ethical hacking experts who can protect valuable information from various attacks.

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